- Code of Practice
- Responsibilities - Personal Standards
- Responsibilities - Professional Standards
Code of Practice for British Skydiving Instructors and Coaches
Instructors and coaches play a crucial role in the development of our sport, as well as in the lives of those they instruct and coach. It is their duty to ensure that participants involved in skydiving (sport parachuting) have positive experiences when training and learning in the sport. With positive experiences, more people are likely to continue within skydiving and achieve their full potential in the sport.
Instructors and coaches must demonstrate a high degree of professionalism, honesty, integrity and competence at all levels. Instructors and coaches need to understand and act upon their responsibilities as this is of vital importance to the safety and professional image of our sport. It is also essential to good instruction and coaching practices. This code of practice for British Skydiving instructors and coaches defines all that is best in good instructing and coaching practices.
Good instructing and coaching practice need to reflect the following key principles:
Instructors and coaches must respect and champion the rights of every individual to participate in
Instructors and coaches must develop a relationship with students (and others) based on openness, honesty, mutual trust and respect.
RESPONSIBILITIES – PERSONAL STANDARDS
Instructors and coaches must demonstrate proper personal behaviour and conduct at all times.
RESPONSIBILITIES – PROFESSIONAL STANDARDS
To maximise the benefits and minimise the risks to students, instructors and coaches must attain a high level of competence through qualifications, and a commitment to ongoing training that ensures best and correct practice.
These principles are defined in more detail across the following sections
Instructors and coaches must respect and champion the rights of every individual to participate in our sport.
Instructors and coaches should:
assist in the creation of an environment where individuals have the opportunity to participate in skydiving (sport parachuting)
create and maintain an environment free of harassment
recognise the rights of members to be treated as individuals
recognise the rights of members to confer with other instructors, coaches and experts
promote the concept of a balanced lifestyle, supporting well-being both in and out of the sport
Always treat all individuals in the sport with respect.
Do not discriminate on the grounds of gender, marital status, race, colour, disability, sexual orientation, age, occupation, religious beliefs or political opinion.
Do not condone or allow any form of discrimination to go unchallenged.
Do not publicly criticise or engage in demeaning descriptions of others.
Be discreet in any conversations about members, instructors, coaches or any other individual.
Communicate with and provide feedback to members in a manner that reflects respect
Instructors and coaches must develop a relationship with students (and others) based on openness, honesty, mutual trust and respect
must not engage in behaviour that constitutes any form of abuse (physical, sexual, emotional, neglect, bullying)
should promote the welfare and best interests of their students
must avoid sexual intimacy with students they are instructing or coaching
must take action if they have a concern about the behaviour of an adult to anyone underage
should recognise and respect the power imbalance implicit in a coach/instructor–student relationship
should empower students to be responsible for their own decisions
should clarify the nature of the instruction/coaching services being offered to students
should communicate and cooperate with other organisations and individuals in the best interests of the students
Be aware of the physical needs of students, especially the developmental stage of students and ensure that training loads and intensities are appropriate
Ensure that physical contact is appropriate and necessary and is carried out within recommended guidelines (provided by the Parachute Training Organisation) with the student’s full consent and approval
Do not use sexual innuendo, flirting, inappropriate gestures and terms, casual sexism, racism or any other forms of discrimination or marginalisation. As role models within the sport, coaches/instructors should also constructively challenge students who use any of these behaviours
Instructors and coaches are in a position of power and trust in relation to students. By entering into an intimate/sexual relationship with a student, an instructor/coach may be deemed guilty of abusing this position and, in relation to young or vulnerable people, may be acting unlawfully. Therefore, a student must be transferred to another instructor/coach if it is clear that an inappropriate or intimate relationship is developing
Inform parents or guardians immediately if you are at all concerned about the welfare of a young or vulnerable person. If there are concerns that it would not be in the interests of that person to do this, seek advice from British Skydiving’s Safeguarding Officer.
Know and understand any relevant protection and/or safeguarding policies or procedures in this regard and adhere to them
Report any concerns you have – non-action is not acceptable
Respect the student’s opinions when making decisions about participation in the sport
Encourage students to take responsibility for their own development and actions
Allow students to discuss and participate in the decision-making process
Do not work with another instructor/coach’s student without first analysing their jump history. This can be done in discussion with the student combined with study of their logbook/training record. Contacting previous instructors/coaches is also recommended
RESPONSIBILITIES – PERSONAL STANDARDS
Instructors and coaches must demonstrate proper personal behaviour and conduct at all
Instructors and coaches should:
be fair and honest and considerate to their students and others in the sport.
project an image of health, cleanliness and functional efficiency.
be models for students and other sport
skydivers at all times.
Operate within the requirements of the British Skydiving Operations Manual and the spirit of the sport
Educate students on issues relating to the use of performance-enhancing drugs in sport and cooperate fully with the British Skydiving’s sport policies
Maintain the same level of interest and support when a student is sick or injured
Display high standards in use of language, manner, punctuality, preparation and presentation
Encourage students to display the same qualities
Do not smoke, drink alcohol or use recreational drugs before or while instructing or coaching. This reflects a negative image and could compromise the safety of your students
Display control, respect, dignity and professionalism to all involved in the sport
PRINCIPLE RESPONSIBILITIES – PROFESSIONAL STANDARDS
To maximise the benefits and minimise the risks to students. Instructors and coaches must attain a high level of competence through qualifications and commitment to ongoing training that ensures safe and correct practice.
Instructors, coaches will:
ensure the environment is as safe as possible, taking into account and minimizing possible risks,
promote the execution of safe and correct practice
be professional and accept responsibility for their actions
make a commitment to providing a quality service to their students
actively promote the positive benefits to society of participation in sport
contribute to the development of instructing and coaching by exchanging knowledge and ideas with others, and by working in partnership with others.
gain relevant sport instructional and coaching qualifications appropriate to the level at which they instruct/coach
Follow the rules and guidelines of British Skydiving and the Parachute Training Organisation (PTO) where you instruct/coach.
Plan all/any lessons/briefs so they meet the needs of students and are progressive and appropriate.
Maintain appropriate records (logbooks) of your student’s progression.
Recognise and accept when it is appropriate to refer a student to another instructor or coach.
Seek to achieve the highest level of qualification available.
Demonstrate commitment to instructing/coaching by undertaking/attending learning opportunities to maintain up-to-date knowledge of technical development in the sport.
Undertake/attend courses/programmes to maintain up-to-date knowledge and understanding of other issues that might impact on both you and your students.
Actively contribute to local, regional and national initiatives to improve the standards and
quality of instructing/coaching in sport skydiving and sport in general.
Practice in an open and transparent fashion that encourages other instructors/coaches to contribute to or learn from your knowledge
Engage in self-analysis and reflection to identify your professional needs.
Seek opportunities to develop your instructing/coaching skills and competences and update
Manage your lifestyle and instructing/coaching commitments to avoid burnout that might impair your performance
Do not assume responsibility for any role for which you are not qualified or prepared.
Do not misrepresent your level of qualification.
Promote good instructing/coaching practice in others and challenge any poor practice that you become aware of.
- Equality & Diversity Policy
- Equality and diversity statement
- Purpose of the policy
- Equality in Skydiving
British Skydiving recognises that some individuals, groups and communities are more likely to face discrimination, harassment and exclusion in society. This policy reinforces British Skydiving’s commitment to promoting equality and diversity within the skydiving community, particularly in the areas of competition, training, employment and recruitment. It also sets out British Skydiving’s aims to safeguard those who may face inequality or harassment due to one or more of the nine ‘protected characteristics’. These are protected from discrimination under equality legislation, the Equality Act (2010).
The nine Protected Characteristics are:
- Sexual orientation
- Religion or belief
- Gender reassignment
- Marriage or civil partnership
- Pregnancy and maternity
For the avoidance of any doubts, British Skydiving is also committed to protecting those who may face inequality or harassment on grounds of gender presentation, which includes transgender and non-binary gender.
As an employer and the National Governing Body skydiving (sport parachuting) in the United Kingdom, British Skydiving is dedicated to encouraging a supportive and inclusive culture amongst the whole skydiving community as well as its workforce. It is within our best interest to promote diversity and eliminate discrimination.
British Skydiving’s aim is to ensure that everyone is given equal opportunity and that our organisation and community is truly representative of all sections of society. Each member/employee/volunteer/service user/Director or supplier will be respected and valued and able to give their best.
British Skydiving recognises that treating everyone equally does not mean treating everyone the same. Instead British Skydiving embraces the diversity and aims to provide equal right to opportunities.
This policy demonstrates British Skydiving’s commitment to providing equality and fairness to all, and not provide less favourable facilities or treatment on the grounds of age, disability, gender reassignment, gender presentation, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, ethnic origin, colour, nationality, national origin, religion or belief, or sex and sexual orientation. British Skydiving is opposed to all forms of unlawful and unfair discrimination.
British Skydiving recognises that the society in which we operate is diverse and that individual differences may lead to direct or indirect discrimination. Therefore, the purpose of this policy is to:
- provide equality, fairness and respect for all those who work and volunteer for our association or use our services;
- not unlawfully discriminate because of the Equality Act 2010 protected characteristics; and oppose and avoid all forms of unlawful discrimination.
- This includes in sponsorship, training, coaching, competitions, volunteering, pay and benefits, terms and conditions of employment, dealing with grievances and discipline, dismissal, redundancy, leave for parents, requests for flexible working, and selection for employment, promotion, training or other developmental opportunities.
British Skydiving values and celebrates the diversity that exists in our community. In order to further its objectives, British Skydiving has committed to:
encourage equality and diversity within the skydiving community as they are good practice
and make business sense;
create an environment free of bullying, harassment, victimisation and unlawful discrimination, promoting dignity and respect for all, and where individual differences and the contributions of all people are recognised and valued;
This commitment includes but is not limited to training staff, judges, instructors, coaches, other volunteers and all other members about their rights and responsibilities under this policy. Responsibilities include assisting British Skydiving to provide equal opportunities across all areas of its activities, and prevent bullying, harassment, victimisation and unlawful discrimination;
All Directors, members, staff members, volunteers and representatives should understand they, as well as British Skydiving, can be held liable for acts of bullying, harassment, victimisation and unlawful discrimination against fellow employees, customers, suppliers and the public;
not tolerate any form of intimidation, bullying, harassment, victimisation and unlawful discrimination and to discipline those that breach this policy
Such acts will be dealt with as misconduct under British Skydiving’s grievance and/or disciplinary procedures, and any appropriate action will be taken. Particularly serious complaints could amount to a criminal offence and lead to withdrawal of membership benefits and licence Further, sexual harassment may amount to both a disciplinary matter and a criminal matter, such as in sexual assault allegations. In addition, harassment under the Protection from Harassment Act 1997 – which is not limited to circumstances where harassment relates to a protected characteristic – is a criminal offence;
encourage anyone who feels they have been subject to discrimination to raise their concerns so corrective measures can be applied (British Skydiving has a whistleblowing policy);
make training, development and progression opportunities available to all people, who will be helped and encouraged to develop their full potential, so their talents and resources can be fully utilised to maximise the efficiency of British Skydiving and to promote the sport;
treat and to encourage everyone to treat each other fairly and with respect;
make selections and decisions based on aptitude and ability (apart from in any necessary and limited exemptions and exceptions allowed under the Equality Act 2010);
review practices and procedures when necessary to ensure fairness, and update them and this policy to take account of changes in the law;
monitor the make-up of its workforce (including volunteers) and membership regarding information such as age, gender, ethnic background, sexual orientation, religion or belief, and disability in encouraging equality and diversity, and in meeting the aims and commitments set out in this policy.
Monitoring will also include assessing how this policy, and any sporting action plan, are working in practice, reviewing them annually, and considering and taking action to address any issues.
This policy is fully supported by the Board of Directors, which has overarching responsibility for compliance with this policy, ensuring that British Skydiving is meeting its requirements in relation to equality and diversity legislation. The Board will oversee and analyse all equality and diversity matters.
Details of British Skydiving’s grievance and disciplinary policies and procedures can be found in Form 256 Disciplinary and Grievance Procedure. This includes with whom a complainant should raise a grievance.
This policy outlines the process by which any individual involved at any level of the sport of skydiving can raise concerns with British Skydiving for investigation. For the avoidance of doubt, British Skydiving encompasses all skydiving activity, and includes application to competitive Teams representing British Skydiving, Heads of Delegation and Judges. This policy also covers any international activity being undertaken on behalf of, or, representing British Skydiving.
‘Whistle-blower’ is a term commonly used to describe a person who alerts an authority to acts of wrongdoing, usually by someone within the authority’s jurisdiction. Whistle-blowers are witnesses to a malpractice and must not be penalised for any disclosure of information, in fact certain categories of whistle-blowers are protected by the law’. British Skydiving is committed to encouraging a culture of openness: to uphold the reputation of the organisation, maintain the sport’s and the public’s confidence, and to protect its members (i.e. skydivers, judges, instructors, drop zones, staff, officials, volunteers etc.).
It is in the interests of the sport and its membership that individuals with genuine concerns are able to raise them in a confidential and effective way. This policy outlines the mechanism by which serious concerns can be lodged with British Skydiving and addressed appropriately. Anyone approaching British Skydiving, in good faith, with information regarding matters of wrongdoing, such as fraud, misappropriation, bad practice in child (and/or vulnerable adult) protection or safety, discrimination or breach of codes of conduct, by staff (including contractors) or volunteers working for British Skydiving, will have the matter dealt with in an appropriate manner with a duty of care to all those involved. Where the initial investigation identifies there are issues or concerns that are covered by other policies of British Skydiving, for example a safeguarding or employment matter, the complainant will be advised of this and the matter will be dealt with under that policy.
If you discover any wrongdoing, including bad practice or abuse you should report it to British Skydiving’s Compliance Officer using any of the following methods:
By post to: British Skydiving, 5 Wharf Way, Glen Parva, Leicester LE2 9TF
By email to: email@example.com
By telephone by calling: 0116 278 5271
You will receive a written receipt, usually within 2 clear working days which will outline the proposed next steps and timeline. Should you raise your concerns via telephone message service, we will call you back to discuss the complaint in person, usually with 2 clear working days of receipt.
Your concerns will normally then be considered by the Compliance Officer in the first instance who will investigate the matter further. Depending on the outcome of the investigation, remedial action that may include disciplinary proceedings may be taken against the wrong doer or the matter may be referred to another authority. Where any such action is not in the power of the Compliance Officer, they will then make recommendations to the Council to take appropriate further steps.
Any investigation will not, at any stage, be carried out by any person against whom allegations are
made, and details will only be shared with those individuals who are considered vital to the effective
functioning of any investigation.
Enquiries will be undertaken promptly, although more complex matters may require a longer and more thorough investigation. You will be advised of the outcome of any enquiry and any remedial action taken. If the issue is not resolved in a satisfactory manner by the staff member, or if the concern relates to the Compliance Officer, you may raise the matter directly with the any member of the Board – including specifically the Chair, Vice Chair or Treasurer via post to:
British Skydiving, 5 Wharf Way, Glen Parva, Leicester LE2 9TF
The relevant Council Member will make enquiries and, if appropriate, investigate the matter and take any remedial action to rectify the situation (which may include instigating the Disciplinary Procedure or passing to an independent member of the Council if appropriate). Investigations will not be carried out by any person previously involved in the matter and at no stage will they involve any person against whom allegations are made. Again, any investigation will be done promptly, although more complex matters may require a longer and more thorough investigation. You will be advised of the outcome of any enquiry and any remedial action taken. In some instances, particularly those involving child safety, it may be necessary to refer the matter to an external authority, for example the police. If this is the case both the complainant and the person against
whom the complaint has been made will be notified of this, unless British Skydiving is prohibited from doing so by law or at the direction of the external authority.
Any person approaching British Skydiving with genuine concerns will not be disadvantaged or discriminated against in any way because of the disclosure. However, British Skydiving will take a serious view and act accordingly, including taking disciplinary action against appropriate parties, should it be found that the allegations have been intentionally portrayed as untrue or have been raised maliciously. Individuals are therefore encouraged to put their name to any disclosure.
Allegations raised anonymously may be investigated depending on the seriousness of the issues raised, the credibility of the concern, and the likelihood of confirming the allegation from attributable sources. Where possible confidentiality will be maintained, although it must be stressed that in serious cases of fraud and in cases of child protection it will be not always be possible to maintain strict confidentiality if the concerns reach the investigation stage.
Please note that any complaints, grievances or disputes with British Skydiving should be raised in the normal way under British Skydiving’s’ Complaints/Disciplinary/Grievance procedure rather than under this procedure.
British Skydiving supports drug-free sport and is committed to preventing drug misuse in skydiving. In support of this policy, British Skydiving will inform and educate athletes of its anti-doping policy and rules/procedures.
As the National Governing Body for Skydiving (Sport Parachuting) in the United Kingdom, affiliated to the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) through the Royal Aero Club of the United Kingdom, British Skydiving has the authority to control the misuse of drugs in the sport. British Skydiving supports the principle of independent testing and will manage any issues of drug misuse through fair, accountable and independent decision-making processes. British Skydiving is committed to involving its athletes in the achievement of the
highest quality performances without the misuse of drugs or doping.
British Skydiving follows the current issue of FAI’s Anti-Doping Rules and Procedures. These are available at: https://www.fai.org/page/rules-and-procedures
What it means to YOU as an athlete/competitor
Athletes/Competitors: YOU may be required to take a random drugs test. Refusal to provide a urine sample for analysis will result in disqualification. Remember that alcohol, numerous prescribed and ‘over the counter’ medicines – including decongestants – and even caffeine from drinking excessive tea, coffee or soft drinks (such as cola drinks) are prohibited – as well as performance-enhancing drugs and, of course, illegal substances. Getting it from a doctor on prescription is no defence! Each athlete is strictly liable, meaning that it is your own your own personal responsibility to comply fully with this policy. Lack of knowledge is no excuse – careful study of the FAI Anti-Doping Rules and Procedures is essential. A positive test result means disqualification for the whole team, a loss of any sponsorship and a ban for the individual. The test is concerned with whether a prohibited substance is present in the body, not how or why it got there. You have been warned – please take heed!
See the FAI website: http://www.fai.org/cimp-anti-doping-programme
For a list of prohibited substances and methods, etc, see the World Anti-Doping Agency website:
FAI covers the sports below and enquiries for these sports should be searched for using Aeronautics: Ballooning, General Aviation, Gliding, Aeromodelling, Skydiving (Parachuting), Aerobatic, Astronautic Records, Hang Gliding & Paragliding, Microlight, Rotorcraft.
Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUEs / TUE form) Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUEs / TUE form)
A Therapeutic Use Exemption Form completed by a doctor may be required for mandatory prenotification of the use of certain medications, to view information, and to download the FAI TUE Form: https://www.fai.org/page/therapeutic-use-exemptions
Simplified declaration of use procedures for certain specific medications, such as inhaled Asthma medications, came into force during 2011. Please see the WADA and FAI websites for the latest information.
British Skydiving Consolidated Disciplinary and Grievance Procedures
Effective from 31 January 2019
This document sets out the Grievance Procedure under Part A and the Disciplinary Procedure under Part
For the avoidance of any doubt, the Disciplinary and Grievance Procedures are two separate procedures
but share the same point of commencement.
The Compliance Officer is the primary complaint handler and first point of contact regarding any
grievances and/or disciplinary matters.All complaints must be made in writing and submitted to both the Compliance Officer1 and the Secretary-
General. The Secretary-General will notify the Committee Secretary who provides administrative support
to the Chair of the British Skydiving Committee whose activities are most closely related to the nature of
a disciplinary complaint (the “Relevant Committee”). Therefore, they must be notified of the complaint too.
If the Compliance Officer is the subject matter of the complaint or if they are absent, their duties under
the relevant procedure shall be undertaken by an appropriate alternative person (“AAP”).
a) Grievance Procedure – the AAP is the Secretary-General and/or Chief Operating Officer. Unless
qualified otherwise, any reference to the Compliance Officer under the Grievance Procedure is a
reference to the Secretary General or the Chief Operating Officer (as appropriate).
b) Disciplinary Procedure – the AAP is the Chair of the Relevant Committee or their appropriate
substitute as set out therein. Unless qualified otherwise, any reference to the Compliance Officer
under the Disciplinary Procedure is a reference to the Chair of the Relevant Committee and their
The Compliance Officer or AAP will acknowledge receipt of the complaint within 2 clear days from the date
As soon as reasonably practicable, and in any event within 5 clear days of the date of the complaint, the
Compliance Officer or AAP will assess the nature of the complaint and inform the complainant of the most
appropriate procedure (disciplinary or grievance) that will be followed (“Notice of Allocation”).
The appropriate procedure (disciplinary or grievance) will be commenced within 5 clear days of the date
of Notice of Allocation.
For further details, please refer to the relevant procedure set out in Parts A and B.
* The Compliance Officer is a member of staff employed by the British Skydiving. If you are unsure as whom the Compliance Officer is, please contact British Skydiving HQ for their contact details.
Part A – The Grievance Procedure
1. ABOUT THIS PROCEDURE
1.1. This Part explains the British Skydiving grievance procedure (the “Grievance Procedure”). It is British Skydiving’s policy to ensure that any individual or British Skydiving Affiliated Parachute Training Organisation (“Affiliated PTOs”) or British Skydiving Registered Display Team who may have a complaint or feel that they have been unfairly treated by a British Skydiving Member2, or by British Skydiving itself, have access to a procedure to help deal with those grievances fairly and without unreasonable delay.
1.2. British Skydiving aims to investigate any grievance raised, hold a meeting to discuss it with the complainant and the person(s) concerned (the “Parties”), inform the Parties in writing of the outcome, and give the Parties a right of appeal if they are not satisfied.
1.3. The Grievance Procedure provides you with information on how grievances should be brought to the attention of British Skydiving, the process that will take place when a grievance is raised, the timescales in which British Skydiving will endeavour to deal with the grievance and what will happen if it cannot be resolved. The Grievance Procedure applies to all members of British Skydiving.
1.4. Information arising from the Grievance Procedure will be treated confidentially and shared on a need to know basis, unless there is an agreement between the Parties to do otherwise.
1.5. Where an individual who is raising a grievance or is the subject of a grievance case is under the age of 18 years, it is obligatory that the parents or legal guardians of that child must be informed and that the individual is accompanied during any meeting or appeal.
1.6. British Skydiving reserves the right to amend the Grievance Procedure at any time without notice. You should always refer to the latest version of the Procedure, available on the British Skydiving website, for the most up to date terms. The rules in this Grievance Procedure supersede any previous versions. However, they are intended to supplement and assist in the operation of existing constitutions. They are not intended to replace or override the relevant procedures existing in the constitutions of Affiliated PTOs or similar organisations or other governing bodies.
1.7. This Grievance Procedure should not be used to handle complaints of a disciplinary nature. British Skydiving has a disciplinary procedure (set out in Part B of Form 282) a copy of which can be found on the British Skydiving website. If you are unsure about the nature of your complaint, the Compliance Officer can give you further guidance and has the discretion to transfer the complaint to the disciplinary process.
1.8. If you have difficulty at any stage of the Grievance Procedure because of a disability or because English is not your first language, you should discuss the situation with the Compliance Officer as soon as possible.
2.1. Any reference to gender includes all genders, any reference to the singular includes the plural (and vice versa), and references to persons include bodies corporate, unincorporated associations and partnerships (whether or not any of them have a separate legal personality).
2.2. Headings and sub-headings are inserted for convenience only and do not affect the construction of the Grievance Procedure.
2.3 All references below to paragraph numbers refer to the paragraphs in this document unless otherwise stated.
2.4. A period of time expressed as a number of days, months or year refers to “calendar” days, months and year unless otherwise stated. Any reference to “working days” refers to a normal working day in England, i.e. Monday to Friday, excluding public holidays. Time limits are not imposed strictly but it is advised that they are adhered to in order to ensure that complaints are dealt with fairly and without unreasonable delay.
2.5. If the Compliance Officer is the subject matter of the complaint or if they are absent, their duties under the Grievance Procedure shall be undertaken by the Secretary- General and/or Chief Operating Officer.
2.6. If the Chair of the British Skydiving Council or the Vice Chair of Council is the subject matter of the complaint, their duties under the Grievance Procedure shall be undertaken by another suitably qualified person i.e. Chair/Vice Chair of a relevant committee and/or a British Skydiving Vice President. For the avoidance of any doubts, a suitably qualified person must not have been directly or indirectly involved in any previous investigation or Panel that preceded it and shall not be directly or indirectly connected with the specific complaint nor have any interest whatsoever in such compliant.
3. RAISING AND PURSUING A GRIEVANCE
3.1. The complainant should put their grievance in writing and submit it to the Compliance Officer and the Secretary-General, indicating clearly that it is a formal grievance.
3.2. The written grievance should contain a brief description of the nature of the complaint, including any relevant facts, dates, and names of individuals involved. In some situations, the Compliance Officer may ask the complainant to provide further information.
3.3. After completion of the Preliminary Steps and allocating the complaint to the Grievance Procedure, the Compliance Officer shall carefully consider the most appropriate method of dealing with the complaint which may include any of the following actions:
a. Investigate the matter further;
b. Dismiss the complaint as vexatious and/or spurious;
c. Discuss and resolve the complaint with the parties involved without holding a meeting;
d. Conduct an informal reconciliation meeting between the parties to resolve the complaint;
e. Form a panel of three, which shall consist of at least one independent British Skydiving director or a Vice President, one British Skydiving Council or Committee member (including any volunteers) and one subject matter expert if necessary (“the Panel”) (all panel members must be independent of the dispute and cannot be employed or contracted by British Skydiving to consider the complaint at a formal meeting); or
f. Refer the matter to another authority deemed more appropriate in practice or in law to
handle it, including, but not limited to, the police for criminal matters.
3.4. Within two days of completion of the step at paragraph 3.3 above, the Compliance Officer shall inform the complainant of the action(s) they intend to take.
3.5. Whatever the course of action, the Compliance Officer shall aim to conclude the matter within 28 days of receiving the complaint and notify the person(s) concerned of the outcome in writing as soon as practicable.
For the avoidance of any doubts:
(1) the extension of this time period is at the discretion of the Compliance Officer, taking into account the nature and complexity of each case; and
(2) where a Party refuses to co-operate with the resolution process or causes unreasonable delay, the Compliance Officer has the power to conclude the matter within a reasonable time as he or she sees fit.
4.1. It may be necessary for the Compliance Officer to carry out an investigation into the grievance before taking further action(s). The amount of any investigation required will depend on the nature of the complaints and will vary from case to case. It may involve interviewing and taking statements from the Parties and any witnesses, and/or reviewing relevant documents.
4.2. The Compliance Officer may initiate an investigation before holding an informal meeting where they consider this appropriate. In other cases, they may hold an informal meeting before deciding what investigation (if any) to carry out. In those cases, the Compliance Officer may hold a further informal meeting after their investigation and before they reach a decision.
5. INFORMAL MEETING
5.1. Most grievances can be resolved quickly and informally through discussions. If appropriate and agreed by the Parties, the Compliance Officer shall facilitate an informal meeting as soon as practicable and convenient. This may help to clarify any misunderstandings or help identify the issues in dispute and may serve to resolve the issues or at least narrow them down before a formal meeting is convened.
5.2. The Compliance Officer should advise the terms of the informal meeting (paragraph 8 Attendance and Representation at Grievance Meetings defines who may attend) and the conduct of the meeting.
5.3. The outcome of this stage is not binding but may be referred to in any subsequent meeting or appeal hearing, as may any failure or refusal to participate in such meetings.
6. FORMAL MEETING
6.1. Where the grievance cannot be dealt with informally, the Compliance Officer shall convene the Panel within seven days of the decision to proceed to a formal meeting.
6.2. The Panel may conduct its own investigation and in any event within seven days of convening, it shall give at least 14 days’ notice to the Parties of time, date and venue of the formal meeting.
6.3. The Panel shall have full discretion as to the terms of the meeting subject to the provisions in this document, the principles of natural justice and any relevant provisions of the Human Rights Act 1998. The Panel must give a fair and independent hearing to both sides of the dispute within an appropriate and agreed timescale.
6.4. If either party chooses not to attend the formal meeting, the Panel, has the right to proceed with the hearing based on written submissions.
6.5. The outcome of the meeting together with sufficient reason to explain the Panel’s conclusion(s) must be communicated to both Parties within 14 days of the meeting.
6.6. If the outcome or resolution of the meeting is unacceptable to either Party, they have the right to appeal. However, the Party who chose not to attend the formal meeting without good reason does not have the right to appeal.
7.1. If either Party wishes to appeal against the outcome of the formal meeting, they should set out the grounds on which they wish to appeal in writing. This letter should be sent to the Chair of the British Skydiving Council/Vice Chair of Council within 14 days of the outcome of the formal meeting.
7.2. The Chair of the British Skydiving Council/Vice Chair of Council decides whether an appeal should be heard or not.
7.3. An appeal should be granted where there is a “strong arguable case” that either:
a. Relevant information was ignored or not considered by the original panel;
b. The process was tainted by unreasonable bias or conflict of interests;
c. The provisions of the procedure were not adhered to;
d. The original panel exceeded its jurisdiction; or
e. The findings of the original panel were irrational or otherwise exhibited an error of general law.
7.4. The Chair of the British Skydiving Council/Vice Chair of Council must appoint an independent appeal panel to consider the appeal, none of whom have had any prior involvement in the matter (the “Appeal Panel”).
The Appeal Panel should be constituted along the same principles as the formal meeting panel outlined above at paragraph 3.3.(e).
7.5. The chair of the Appeal Panel should convene a hearing of the appeals panel in a timely manner and provide at least 14 days’ notice in writing to the Parties of the time, date and venue at which the appeal would be heard.
7.6. The chair of the Appeal Panel, in consultation with the other panel members, will decide the conduct of the proceedings, subject to the provisions in this document, the principles of natural justice and any relevant provisions of the Human Rights Act 1998. If appropriate they may request written submissions and the Appeal Panel may or may not require the Parties to attend.
7.7. If either Party seeks to rely upon any additional documentary evidence, they must ensure that this is provided to the Appeal Panel at least seven days before the hearing.
7.8. With the agreement of the Parties the hearing will be audio recorded.
7.9. The outcome of the meeting together with sufficient reason to explain the Appeal Panel’s
conclusion(s) must be communicated to both Parties within 14 days of the hearing.
7.10. The outcome of the appeal will be final. This is the end of the procedure and there is no
8. ATTENDANCE AND REPRESENTATION AT GRIEVANCE MEETINGS
8.1. The Parties may bring a companion to any formal grievance meeting or appeal hearing under this procedure. The companion may be either a British Skydiving Member or a legally qualified person. The Compliance Officer may, at their discretion, allow the Parties to bring a companion who is not a British Skydiving Member or a legally qualified person (for example, a family member) if this will help overcome a disability or other difficulties.
8.2. The Parties must tell the Compliance Officer who their chosen companion is, in good time before the formal meeting or appeal hearing.
8.3. The Parties and their companion (if any) should make every effort to attend grievance meetings/hearing. Alternatively, they may submit written evidence and submissions to the Panel/Appeal Panel. They should do so within 14 days from the date of notice of the formal meeting or appeal hearing.
8.4. At the formal meeting or appeal hearing, the companion may make representations and ask questions, but should not answer questions on behalf of the Parties. The Parties may talk privately with them at any time during the formal meeting or appeal hearing.
8.5. In the event of the non-attendance of the Parties or their representative at any meeting convened to consider the grievance or appeal, the grievance or appeal will be considered in their absence.
9. DISPUTE RESOLUTION
9.1. Subject to paragraph 9.2, if either Party is not satisfied with a decision of the Appeal Panel, they may refer the matter to an independent dispute resolution through Sport Resolutions UK.
9.2. Matters that seriously impact safety of the sport and the proper exercise of British Skydiving’s functions are excluded and cannot be referred to an independent dispute resolution.
9.3. In referring a case to Sport Resolutions UK, the Parties shall share the cost of independent dispute resolution and shall be responsible for the costs of preparing and presenting their own case.
9.4. Where recourse to dispute resolution is necessary, the Parties shall seek to agree an appropriate method of resolution, considering alternatives including mediation, informal advisory arbitration, and formal binding arbitration. The appropriate method of resolution will usually be the lowest cost method considered by the Parties taking into account the seriousness of the grievance. Where no agreement can be reached on the most appropriate method of resolution, full British Skydiving Council shall nominate the method to be used.
9.5. Representation by the Parties at any dispute resolution meeting convened by Sport Resolutions UK shall be under the standard rules and procedures of that body unless otherwise mutually agreed by both Parties.
10. RECORD KEEPING AND DATA PROTECTION
10.1. All personal data held in connection with a grievance matter will be held in accordance with British Skydiving’s Data Protection Policy and GDPR.
10.2. A list of historic decisions, not older than 6 years, will be maintained as precedent in order to promote equal treatment and consistency throughout the sport of skydiving in the United Kingdom.
10.3. The decisions will only be disclosed to third parties upon request and with the permission of the Parties or in an anonymous and/or redacted form so as to protect personal details.
Part B – The Disciplinary Procedure
1.1 The disciplinary regulations set out in this Part (the “Regulations”) are made pursuant to the powers of the British Skydiving to act as the governing body for skydiving in the United Kingdom as stated in its Articles of Association. To be eligible to participate in any event or activity organised or authorised by or held under the rules of British Skydiving, wherever held, a person must comply with these Regulations.
1.2 British Skydiving shall within its jurisdiction make, maintain and enforce rules relating to its policies, regulations, codes and practices. The Regulations set out in this Part are the means by which British Skydiving exercises its disciplinary authority relating to the conduct of all Members (as defined in section 112 of the Companies Act 2006 and as detailed under ‘Membership’ in the British Parachute Association Articles of Association). A Member subject to a disciplinary complaint or proceeding is here thereafter referred to as the
1.3 British Skydiving is an employer and any grievance or disciplinary matters concerning its employees, whether full time or part time, shall be dealt with under separate procedures as covered in its Staff Handbook, unless the issue of concern is clearly one that involves an employee’s relevant voluntary activity in non-contractual time, which will be dealt with under these Regulations.
1.4 The purpose of these Regulations is to ensure justice in disciplinary proceedings and to provide a framework which satisfies the requirements of natural justice, namely; fair, clear and transparent procedures and consistent in their application. The Regulations also aim to inform Members about their rights and set out a robust method of dealing with disciplinary complaints without unreasonable delay.
1.5 The laws of England and Wales apply to the Regulations.
1.6 The Regulations may be amended under the authority of the Council (Board of Directors) of British Skydiving at any time without notice and at its sole discretion and such amendments shall be effective from the date stated. Members should refer to the latest version of the Regulations for the most up to date terms. The rules in this document supersede any previous versions.
2.1 Any reference to gender includes all genders, any reference to the singular includes the plural (and vice versa), and references to persons include bodies corporate, unincorporated associations and partnerships (whether or not any of them have a separate legal personality).
2.2 Headings and sub-headings are inserted for convenience only and do not affect the construction of the Regulations.
2.3 All references below to paragraph numbers refer to the paragraphs in this Part unless otherwise stated.
2.4 A period of time expressed as a number of days, months or year refers to “calendar” days, months and year unless otherwise stated. Any reference to “working days” in the Regulations refers to a normal working day in England, i.e. Monday to Friday, excluding public holidays. Extension of time limits is discretionary in special circumstances.
2.5 If any part of the Regulations is held invalid, unenforceable or illegal for any reason, they shall remain in force apart from that part, which shall be treated as if it has been deleted to the extent to which it is invalid, unenforceable or illegal.
2.6 If the Compliance Officer is the subject matter of the complaint or if they are absent, their duties under these Regulations shall be undertaken by the Chair of a relevant committee or their substitute as necessary.
2.9 If the Chair of a relevant committee, the Chair of the British Skydiving Council or the Vice Chair of Council is the subject matter of a disciplinary complaint, their duties under these Regulations shall be undertaken by another suitably qualified person i.e. Vice Chair of the relevant committee.
3.1 Subject to paragraph 3.2 and other than in the case of a public hearing requested by the Respondent, all proceedings whether formal or informal shall be confidential, and other than in any official British Skydiving minutes, no information as to the identity of any party to the proceedings shall be disclosed or made public without the prior consent of that party.
3.2 British Skydiving may at any time during the investigation or disciplinary process notify any other relevant body of any details relating to the complaint as such body may need to know for ensuring safety and the proper exercise of its functions including but not limited to Members.
4. COMMENCEMENT OF PROCEEDINGS
4.1 British Skydiving may take disciplinary action against any Member who, inter alia:
(i) is in breach of the British Skydiving’s rules;
(ii) brings the sport of skydiving into disrepute;
(iii) brings British Skydiving into disrepute;
(iv) otherwise acts in a manner incompatible with any stated aims and objectives of British Skydiving.
4.2 Any allegation of an offence having been committed under 4.1 (the “Allegation”) shall be communicated in writing (“Notice of Allegation”) as soon as practicable and in any event not later than 3 months from the date of the incident or the date of the complainant’s knowledge of the incident, whichever is later.
4.3 The Notice of Allegation must be sent to both the Compliance Officer and the Secretary-General. The Secretary-General provides administrative support to the Chair of the British Skydiving Committee whose activities are most closely related to the nature of the allegation (the “Relevant Committee”). Therefore, he or she must be notified of the Allegation too. British Skydiving’s committees are subject to change from time to time, but a list of current committees can be found on the British Skydiving website.
4.4 On receipt of the Notice of Allegation, the Compliance Officer shall:
(1) acknowledge receipt of the Allegation in writing within 2 days of receipt of the Notice of Allegation;
(2) set out the details of the allegation in a letter to the Respondent within 21 days of receipt of the Notice of Allegation and if appropriate, invite the Respondent to comment within 14 days; and
(3) undertake any investigation he or she sees fit in order to ascertain the best course of action to resolve the Allegation or commence disciplinary action.
4.5 Upon completion of the steps set out in Regulation 4.4 and any further investigation undertaken by the Compliance Officer, he or she shall take any of the following steps:
(i) decide that no further action is required and will notify the Respondent and the the complainant in writing;
(ii) reject the Allegation because it does not fall within the authority of British Skydiving, and if appropriate refer it to another relevant body;
(iii) dismiss the Allegation on the grounds that there is not sufficient evidence to warrant further action being taken and notify the Respondent and the complainant in writing;
(iv) refer the Allegation to another authority deemed more appropriate in practice or in law to handle it, including, but not limited to, the police for criminal matters. If there is a possible or actual breach of the law, then the investigation by British Skydiving maybe suspended;
(v) dismiss the Allegation on the grounds that it is vexatious or malicious and notify the Respondent and the complainant in writing;
(vi) on the agreement of the complainant and the Respondent, deal with the Allegation through mediation, administered by the Compliance Officer and/or Chief Operating Officer and/or Safety and Technical Officer. Mediation shall be the preferred course of action where the Allegation is not serious enough to warrant full disciplinary proceedings or is one that has arisen from a wider dispute between the complainant and the Respondent. If such mediation does not resolve the matter, then the Compliance Officer may consider other options as set out in Regulation 4.5.
(vii) deal with the Allegation informally by way of advice or information because it is not serious enough to warrant full disciplinary proceedings;
(viii) refer the Allegation to a Panel of Inquiry (the “Panel”) to investigate further and make recommendations in accordance with the rules under Regulation 5;
(ix) refer the Allegation to a Disciplinary Tribunal (the “Tribunal”) to hear the matter in accordance with the rules under Regulation 6.
4.6 Where deemed appropriate, the Compliance Officer may consult with Chair of the Relevant Committee, the Chief Operating Officer and/or Safety and Technical Officer to determine the most appropriate course of action but he or she must subsequently inform the Respondent of the identity of those consulted.
4.7 As soon as is practicable, the Compliance Officer shall inform the complainant and the Respondent and any interested party or parties of the course of action taken.
4.8 In the event that a complainant withdraws an Allegation, British Skydiving retains the right at its absolute discretion to take any action deemed appropriate against the Respondent under the Regulations.
4.9 In the event of a skydiving fatality a Board of Inquiry will be convened by the Chief Operating Officer and / or Safety and Technical Officer.
4.10 The Board of Inquiry will consist of a minimum of two persons who shall be any of the Chief Operating Officer, Safety and Technical Officer, Chair of the Safety and Training Committee, or any British Skydiving Instructor Examiner nominated by them.
4.11 Following the investigation by the Board of Inquiry, a Panel will be automatically convened unless the Board of Inquiry recommends otherwise. The Board of Inquiry may comment on potential failings or breaches of British Skydiving’s rules and/or policies but it does not make recommendations on disciplinary actions or sanctions.
5. INVESTIGATION & DISPOSAL BY A PANEL OF INQUIRY
5.1 A Panel convened under 4.5 (viii) or 4.11 above, shall comprise a minimum of three persons who shall be suitably qualified and appointed by the Compliance Officer. In making the appointments, the Compliance Officer must pay due regard to the impartiality of the Panel members and members of the Panel should not have been members of the Board.
5.2 If necessary due to the nature of the Allegation (such as for matters concerning safety procedures), all members of the Panel will be Advanced Instructors / Instructor Examiners but in any event one member must be a current voting member of the Relevant Committee and one other member must have held an Advanced Instructor rating within the previous five years. One member will be appointed as the Chair of the Panel.
5.3 The Panel will conduct its own investigation to decide whether a disciplinary charge should be brought and makes recommendations accordingly. The Panel will be briefed by the information available to the Compliance Officer (if convened under 4.5 (viii)) or the Board of Inquiry’s full report (if convened under 4.11) or both if applicable.
5.4 The Panel shall make a decision concerning the appropriate course of action and report their findings to directly to the Respondent (if any) and Compliance Officer as soon as practicable and in any event within 6 months from the date it was convened.
5.5 In its findings, the Panel may:
(i) decide no further action is necessary as there is no case to answer; or (ii) make such recommendations as it sees fit including any remedial or disciplinary actions be taken; or
(iii) refer the Allegation to the Tribunal.
5.6 The Respondent shall have 10 days from the date of receipt of the Panel’s report, to accept or reject the recommendations (made under rule 5.5(ii)) in writing. Where disciplinary action(s) is recommended, such action(s) shall be taken by the Panel unless the Respondent has filed a rejection within the 10-day period and thereby elected a hearing before the Tribunal. The Panel shall inform the Compliance Officer of the Respondent’s response and/or conclusion of the matter.
6. DISCIPLINARY TRIBUNAL
6.1 If the Allegation is referred to a Tribunal, the Compliance Officer may, at his or her discretion, suspend the Respondent’s eligibility to participate in some or all of the activities as referred to in paragraph 1.1 above.
6.2 On the Allegation being referred to a Tribunal, the Compliance Officer shall serve a Notice of Complaint (“Notice”) on the Respondent within 14 days of the referral.
6.3 Service shall be affected by a copy of the Notice being handed to the Respondent personally or by it being sent by registered post to the address of the Respondent as it appears on British Skydiving’s current mailing list.
6.4 A Notice shall include the following information:
(1) the full name and address of the Respondent;
(2) the full name and correspondence address of British Skydiving;
(3) full details of the disciplinary charges, including: a. which rule or rules have been breached;
b. when, where and how they are alleged to have been breached;
c. full particulars of any evidence relied upon to include:
i. the names of any witnesses;
ii. copies of any witness statements;
iii. copies of any expert or other written reports; and
iv. copies of any relevant photographs and and/or video/audio.
(4) a notice of suspension, if appropriate;
(5) a copy of the disciplinary procedure (these Regulations);
(6) a Form of Response (“Form”) (attached to these Regulations as “Annex A”);
(7) advice that the Respondent may wish to seek legal advice and may be represented at any hearing.
6.5 The Respondent shall within 21 days of receipt of the Notice, complete and return the Form to the Compliance Officer.
6.6 In the Form the Respondent may:
(i) deny the complaint; or
(ii) admit the complaint either in full or in part.
If the Respondent denies the complaint, he or she shall give full details of why the complaint is denied and what matters are in dispute.
If the Respondent admits the complaint, he or she may give details of any mitigating features they wish to bring to the Tribunal’s attention.
The Respondent shall also be required to state:
(1) whether they will attend the hearing; and
(2) whether they intend to be represented and if so, by whom.
6.7 Upon receipt of the Form and not less than 28 days after service of the Notice the Compliance Officer shall arrange for the holding of a Tribunal.
Composition of the Tribunal
6.8 The hearing shall take place before a Tribunal comprising three persons appointed by the British Skydiving. The three persons shall be:
(1) a member of the British Skydiving Council nominated by the Vice Chair of Council;
(2) a subject matter expert, not being a member of the Relevant Committee if possible, nominated by the Vice Chair of Council; and
(3) a person who is not a member of British Skydiving but who shall be a member of some other UK sporting body or association nominated by the British Skydiving Secretary-General.
The three members of the Tribunal must not have been directly or indirectly involved in any previous investigation or Panel that preceded it and shall not be directly or indirectly connected with the specific complaint nor have any interest whatsoever in such complaint.
6.9 The Respondent shall be given not less than 28 days’ notice in writing of the date, time and venue for the hearing. The notice shall contain the full names of the Tribunal members. The Respondent and the Compliance Officer shall be asked whether they object to any Tribunal members and, if so, on what grounds. The Chair of the British Skydiving Council considers any such objections and if upheld, recommends a new panel member be appointed under 6.8 (1-3) above.
6.10 A Notice served under paragraph 6.9 shall inform the Respondent that he or she:
(1) may attend the hearing in person;
(2) may be represented by a third party, including, if they so wish, by a legal representative;
(3) shall have the right to give and call evidence and to address the Tribunal; and
(4) may make written representations which shall considered by the Tribunal if they do not intend to attend the hearing.
6.11 If not already done at the time of service of the Notice, a paginated and indexed bundle containing the evidence to be relied upon at the Tribunal should be provided to the Respondent not less than 7 working days before the hearing. Not less than 3 working days before the hearing, the Respondent shall inform British Skydiving of the names of witnesses who are not required to give evidence but whose statements may be read.
The Tribunal Procedure
6.12 Any hearing before the Tribunal shall be conducted in private unless the Respondent requests a public hearing.
6.13 If the Respondent attends the hearing either in person or by representation, the Tribunal shall:
(1) hear the evidence relied upon in support of the allegation;
(2) allow the Respondent or their representative the opportunity to ask questions of the witnesses and test the evidence;
(3) allow the Respondent or their representative the opportunity to give and call evidence in support of their case; and
(4) allow the Respondent or their representative to make a closing statement.
6.14 If the Respondent declines or fails to attend the hearing or be represented the Tribunal may proceed to hear the evidence in support of the allegation and shall take into account any written representations that the Respondent has submitted.
6.15 The Tribunal shall have the power to adjourn the hearing at any time and for such period and reason, as it considers appropriate and reasonable.
6.16 Any decision of the Tribunal shall be by a majority. The standard of proof required shall be such that the Tribunal is satisfied beyond reasonable doubt that the complaint has been established.
6.17 Having considered all of the evidence, the Tribunal may:
(i) dismiss the disciplinary charge; or
(ii) find the disciplinary charge proven.
6.18 Following the conclusion of the hearing, the Tribunal may:
(i) announce its decision and any sanction to be imposed on the date of the hearing and if possible, provide a summary of its findings; or
(ii) defer judgment to a later date.
In either event the Tribunal shall inform the Respondent and the Compliance Officer of its decision and findings in writing within 21 days of the conclusion of the hearing.
6.19 If the Respondent is found to have committed a disciplinary offence, the Tribunal may exercise its discretion to discharge the Respondent without sanctions whilst having regard to both the circumstances of the offence and any mitigation advanced by or on behalf of the Respondent.
6.20 Where the Tribunal decides that disciplinary sanction is appropriate, it may impose one or a combination of the following sanctions:
(i) admonish the Respondent by way a warning or reprimand in respect of the misconduct or breach of a rule committed;
(ii) impose a financial penalty;
(iii) suspend the Respondent from membership of British Skydiving and/or from eligibility to participate in activities as referred to in paragraph 1.1 above for such period as it considers appropriate and reasonable (exceptionally which may be up to and including a lifetime period); and
(iv) require the Respondent to undertake training or be subject to a period of monitoring or mentoring.
The decision taken by the Tribunal in relation to the sanction to be imposed shall be reasonable and proportionate in all circumstances.
6.21 If the offence was committed during a sporting event, the Tribunal may at its discretion further disqualify the Respondent and his or her team from the event and the results of the event shall be amended accordingly. The Respondent shall not thereafter be entitled to any reward, title or record to which they would have been entitled by virtue of their participation at the event or any subsequent event.
6.22 In the event of the imposition of a financial penalty the Respondent shall be given a minimum of 28 days or such other longer period as the Tribunal considers appropriate to satisfy the penalty, after which they shall be suspended from membership of British Skydiving until the sum is paid.
6.23 The Tribunal may, at its discretion, make such award for costs either against or in favour of the Respondent as it considers appropriate. Where costs are awarded against the espondent, they shall be given a minimum of 28 days or such other longer period as the Tribunal considers appropriate to pay the costs, after which they shall be suspended from membership of British Skydiving until the sum is paid. While legal costs will not normally be awarded, in exceptional circumstances the Tribunal has the discretion to order a contribution up to a maximum of £500 towards such costs.
6.24 Where an appeal is lodged, the period for payment of such fine or costs as set out in 6.22 or 6.23 above will be suspended until the matter is resolved by British Skydiving. Where such appeal is unsuccessful, the Respondent will have 28 days from the final decision of the Appeal Tribunal or such other longer period as British Skydiving considers appropriate to pay the fine or costs specified by the Tribunal in its original decision.
7. APPEAL TRIBUNAL
7.1 A Respondent or the Compliance Officer (the “Appellant”) has the right to seek leave to appeal the decision of the Tribunal (the “Decision”).
7.2 Leave to appeal can only be sought against a Decision on one or more of the following grounds:
A. the Decision was based on error of fact or could not have been reasonably reached by a Disciplinary Tribunal when faced with the evidence before it;
B. serious procedural or other irregularity in the proceedings before the Tribunal;
C. significant and relevant new evidence has become available which was not available before the conclusion of the Tribunal hearing but, had it been available, may have caused the Tribunal to reach a materially difference decision; and/or
D. the sanction imposed was manifestly unreasonable in the light of the facts before the Tribunal.
7.3 A written Notice of Appeal must be submitted by the Appellant and received by British Skydiving within 21 days from the decision being announced or, if the decision was delivered in writing, 21 days from having been received by the Appellant. In exceptional cases (for example where fresh evidence has been discovered after the expiry of 21 days) the 21-day period may be extended at the discretion of the British Skydiving Council.
7.4 The Notice of Appeal shall:
(1) state the date and decision of the Tribunal against which the appeal is lodged;
(2) state the grounds of appeal relied upon in accordance with Regulation 7.2; and
(3) set out the statement of facts upon which the appeal is based, specifying whether the appeal is against finding and sanction or just sanction alone and include any supporting documentation upon which the Appellant will rely.
7.5 Upon receipt of the Notice of Appeal, an Appeal Tribunal shall be convened to primarily consider whether the grounds for appeal are made out and if so, grant leave for the appeal to be determined under the Regulations. An appeal hearing shall be conducted by way of a re-hearing.
7.6 The Appeal Tribunal shall comprise three persons to be appointed by the British Skydiving
Secretary General being:
(1) a legally qualified person who is a practising Barrister or Solicitor, who shall act as its Chair;
(2) a subject matter expert, not being a member of the Relevant Committee if possible;
(3) a person who is not a member of British Skydiving but who is a member of some other UK sporting body or association.
All members of the Appeal Tribunal shall be selected at random by the British Skydiving Secretary General from a list of individuals with suitable qualities and standing who have volunteered to sit on British Skydiving Appeals Tribunals. The Appeal Tribunal shall not include any person who sat on the Panel or the original Tribunal.
7.7 The Appellant shall be given not less than 21 days’ notice in writing of the date, time and location of the appeal hearing and the full names of the persons intended to sit as the Tribunal.
7.8 The Appellant shall have the same rights of objection to the Tribunal members as contained in paragraph 6.9 above.
7.9 Further, the Respondent shall have the same rights of appearance, representation and conduct of the case (the right to hear, test and call evidence) as appear at paragraphs 6.10 and 6.13 above.
7.10 The appeal hearing shall be conducted in private unless the Respondent requests a public hearing.
7.11 The Appeal Tribunal shall have the power to adjourn the hearing at any time and for such period and reason, as it considers appropriate and reasonable.
7.12 Any decision of the Appeal Tribunal shall be by a majority.
7.13 The Appeal Tribunal shall have the power to vary any decision or sanction under appeal.
7.14 The Appeal Tribunal may, at its discretion, make such award for costs, either for or against the Respondent, as it considers appropriate. Legal costs will not normally be awarded, apart from in exceptional circumstances whereby the Appeal Tribunal has the discretion to order a contribution towards legal costs up to a maximum of £500.
7.15 Any decision of the Appeal Tribunal shall be final and binding upon both British Skydiving and the Respondent and no further right of appeal shall lie to any other tribunal without the consent of both parties.
7.16 The Appeal Tribunal will inform all the parties of its decision and findings in writing within 21 days of the conclusion of the hearing.
8. CONDUCT OF THE TRIBUNAL PROCEEDINGS
8.1 Subject to the above provisions, the rules of natural justice and the provision of the Human Rights Act 1998, Disciplinary and Appeal Tribunals convened under these rules shall have the power to regulate the conduct of their own proceedings.
8.2 Any deviation from these Regulations by a Tribunal shall not invalidate any finding, procedure or decision unless that deviation raises material doubt as to the reliability of the finding, procedure or decision.
9. RECORD KEEPING AND DATA PROTECTION
9.1 All personal data held in connection with a disciplinary matter will be held in accordance with British Skydiving’s Data Protection Policy and GDPR.
9.2 A list of historic decisions, not older than 6 years, will be maintained as precedent in order to promote equal treatment and consistency throughout the sport of skydiving in the United Kingdom.
9.3 The decisions will be disclosed to third parties upon request, but sensitive personal details may be anonymised or redacted in accordance with GDPR.